In the US, three categories of eating disorders are traditionally distinguished: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and an unspecified eating disorder, which is diagnosed in about 50% of all cases of eating disorders. The criteria for anorexia and bulimia are quite stringent and are often not met even in those patients whose eating disorders, undoubtedly, cause significant dysfunctionality. For example, a person can overeat and occasionally eliminate food, but not often enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for bulimia. Another example: in a patient, periods of overeating can alternate with periods of restriction of food intake and compliance with strict diets.
Tennessee Williams’ play “A Streetcar Named Desire” is the first “serious”American theater drama that had gained worldwide recognition due to the actualization of the conflict between man and society. It shows the tragedy of the confused person, generated by the way of life in society. Existential insight drives him crazy, and he can not withstand the all-round pressure of circumstances. Then all that is left for him is to run into a world of illusions that only upsets the soul. The playwright took up work on a new play in the winter of 1944-1945. The drama is named after the vehicle on which the heroine traveled to her sister’s house.
Many often wonder why math is needed. Often the very fact that this discipline is part of the compulsory program of colleges puts people at a loss. This perplexity is expressed in the following way: “For why do I, the person whose future (or current) profession will not be connected with the conduct of calculations and the application of mathematical methods, need to know mathematics? How can it be useful to me in life?” Thus, a large number of people do not see any sense for themselves in mastering this science, even on elementary principles. But I’m sure that mathematics, or, more accurately, the skills of mathematical thinking, is necessary for everyone.
Socrates lived meticulously according to the laws of his state and believed strongly in justice. He believed that dignity is knowledge and famously stated that an unexamined life is not worth living. Despite the noble character of Socrates, he suffered great criticism, which ultimately led to the judgment of him and his subsequent death. Socrates was highly disliked by the prestigious citizens of Athens. It was because of what is now called Socratic irony and the Socratic method. Socratic irony means that everyone pretends to be ignorant to expose the erroneous opinions of others during the discussion. The Socratic method refers to a series of questions and answers that are meant to analyze, verify, or define a particular concept.
We are used to reflecting on leadership from a position of power and status, but John Maxwell, the author of the book “5 Levels of Leadership,” is convinced that leadership is not a career or promotion of oneself. Leadership is the promotion of one’s team. You can be a leader without any power, and hold a high position without being a leader. However, if you attain the highest level of leadership, a brilliant career is assured to you. Leadership is constant work, hard, but grateful. You can not become a leader once and for all, and the higher the level of leadership, the more difficult it is to keep your positions.
In the 21st century of progress and full publicity, it is necessary to be able to control yourself and your voice. Often we are faced with the fact that we are afraid of public speaking in front of co-workers and even friends. The most common mistake is a boring performance. The speaker tries to put the audience to sleep so that there are fewer questions. Such tactics have negative consequences, as in very large companies, boring performances are stopped (for example, protection of the budget or the project), and the speaker is asked to prepare better. That is, a speaker does not receive money or consent. And what about the influence of the internet on public speaking?
The combination of Islamic traditions and the fundamentalism of Christians, as well as followers of African traditions, make Africa one of the most dangerous continents for the LGBT community. Cases when homosexuality and transsexuality are proclaimed as an anti-state and anti-religious phenomenon in the countries of the African continent are not rare at the official level. In early November of 2013, the European Court issued a decision that gave hope to representatives of the African LGBT community: henceforth, representatives of non-traditional sexual orientation can expect to be granted asylum if they are persecuted because of their gender identity and unconventional sexual orientation.
In a large study of brain scans, it was found that depression directly changes the structure of the brain. The changes were found in the white matter of the brain, which contains tissue channels that allow the brain cells to communicate with each other by electrical signals. White matter is a key component of the brain structure, and its change and destruction is associated with the problems of processing emotions, as well as with disabilities in the field of mental skills. The study was conducted on 3,000 patients – this is the largest study of its kind – and it can shed light on the biology of depression, and also help with the search for medication and treatment.
Over the past decade, the approach to treating people who have committed sexual offenses has radically changed. What was previously considered a hopeless disorder, today many professionals consider a curable condition. The doctor’s task is to maintain normal sexual behavior, but at the same time, eliminate deviations. Canadian psychiatrist John Bradford believes that pharmacological treatment can reduce the main problem of pedophilia, which is the attraction to children. To prevent recurrence, biological treatment is also used: castration (removal of testes) and neurosurgery, which reduces relapses to 5% in the long-term period. To understand the issues better, check out our essay on diseases.
During the presidential election campaign in the United States, following the results of which Donald Trump received the majority of electoral votes in November 2016, and a number of initiatives were voiced, fraught with grave consequences for millions of people, Human Rights Watch reported, publishing its World Report 2017. These initiatives include the deportation of millions of immigrants, the review of US legislation to resolve torture, and the increase in the number of suspected terrorists subjected to indefinite detention without trial in the Guantanamo Bay prison. At the same time, in 2016 some progress was noted in the adoption of long overdue reforms in such areas as criminal justice, immigration, and national security.