Porfirio Diaz, who ruled Mexico at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, once very accurately described the source of all the misfortunes of Mexico. “Poor Mexico,” he complained, “is so far from God and so close to the United States.” Diaz knew very well what he was talking about. The 19th century was a period of particularly tense relations between the US and Mexico. By 1848, the United States forced Mexico – by force of arms and threats – to concede to them what is now the state of Texas, and the entire southwestern portion of the United States. For Mexico, that period of time was marked by the loss of fertile and sparsely populated lands.
Memory is usually understood as the ability to remember past events, though memory covers many more functions. Experts believe that the brain stores all the events of a person’s life, even if it seems to us that we can not remember something at the moment. Memory is a complex system based on numerous processes in the brain. It is the ability to remember and store information, and also to reproduce it when necessary. So you can say that memory is an important part of our lives. If we lost memory, we would have to learn everything from scratch.
According to Adolf Hitler, war is the best time for the destruction of terminally ill patients. Many Germans did not want to see people who did not meet their criteria of a “higher race.” Physically and mentally disabled people were considered useless for society, threatening the genetic purity of the Aryan race and therefore unworthy of life. At the beginning of the Second World War, mentally and physically disabled people, as well as mentally ill people, were doomed to be exterminated according to the so-called “T-4” program, or “Euthanasia.” The program “Euthanasia” required the participation of many German doctors who, according to the patient’s medical records, determined which of the inferior or mentally disabled people were to be destroyed.
The protagonist of the work of Herman Hesse is a young man, the son of a brahman, seeking to know his purpose for the world. Who is he and why was he born? The meaning of his life is the attainment of the highest level of existence. He needs to break the chain of rebirths – to become higher than the law of Samsara. There are no authorities for him. He respects his father, but he doesn’t take into account his father’s opinion. Hesse endowed the main character with his own worldview, to which even the Buddha can not influence.
The second half of the 1910s and early 1920s are marked by significant successes of critical realism in US literature. The rapid development of critical moods of US writers was promoted by the growing sense of depravity of American bourgeois-capitalist civilization, tragedy, and the doom of the American way of life. These years the world-famous works of Theodore Dreiser, Elton Sinclair, Sherwood Anderson, Sinclair Lewis, William Faulkner, Ernest Hemingway, and John Dos Passos appeared. Writers, very different in their philosophical, political, and social views, saw the hypocrisy of American democracy, and in their works expressed their critical attitude to the surrounding reality.
The Catholic Church played an important role in the development of medieval European society. It took an active part in the development and control of various spheres of public life. In the political sphere, the church regulated interstate relations, acting as an arbiter in the disputes of the rulers of states, appointing loyal or under-influence kings and emperors, plotting religious wars against other faiths, and spreading its influence on new territories, exemplified by the Crusades. Being a large landowner, the Catholic Church received huge funds in the form of church tithes, accumulating wealth, and often became a creditor of the kings who squandered the treasury of feasts and wars.
In terms of the plot (the mythological sequence of events), “The Odyssey” corresponds to “The Iliad.” But it does not tell us about military events, but about wanderings. Scientists call it an epic poem of wanderings. The fate of Odysseus – the glorification of the mind and willpower – comes to the forefront. “Odyssey” corresponds to the mythology of late heroism. It is dedicated to the last 40 days of Odysseus’ return to his homeland. The fact that the center is a return is indicated by the very beginning. The composition is more difficult than in “Iliad.”
In the US, three categories of eating disorders are traditionally distinguished: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and an unspecified eating disorder, which is diagnosed in about 50% of all cases of eating disorders. The criteria for anorexia and bulimia are quite stringent and are often not met even in those patients whose eating disorders, undoubtedly, cause significant dysfunctionality. For example, a person can overeat and occasionally eliminate food, but not often enough to meet the diagnostic criteria for bulimia. Another example: in a patient, periods of overeating can alternate with periods of restriction of food intake and compliance with strict diets.
Tennessee Williams’ play “A Streetcar Named Desire” is the first “serious”American theater drama that had gained worldwide recognition due to the actualization of the conflict between man and society. It shows the tragedy of the confused person, generated by the way of life in society. Existential insight drives him crazy, and he can not withstand the all-round pressure of circumstances. Then all that is left for him is to run into a world of illusions that only upsets the soul. The playwright took up work on a new play in the winter of 1944-1945. The drama is named after the vehicle on which the heroine traveled to her sister’s house.
Many often wonder why math is needed. Often the very fact that this discipline is part of the compulsory program of colleges puts people at a loss. This perplexity is expressed in the following way: “For why do I, the person whose future (or current) profession will not be connected with the conduct of calculations and the application of mathematical methods, need to know mathematics? How can it be useful to me in life?” Thus, a large number of people do not see any sense for themselves in mastering this science, even on elementary principles. But I’m sure that mathematics, or, more accurately, the skills of mathematical thinking, is necessary for everyone.