Positive discrimination or affirmative action relates to the policies that favours the members of disadvantaged groups that are thought to be discriminated in a certain culture (Anderson, 2004). This fact is known in different terms around the world but the implications are the same: to favour the disadvantaged groups so that they can avail advantages in the society.
Positive discrimination is being practised in almost all the countries but the nature of practices are different. Positive discrimination is known as reservations in India (The Economist, 2013). Disadvantaged groups are treated positively in India. For example, the tribal people are thought to be disadvantaged groups in this country and these people have certain reservations in government jobs. Therefore, they get the jobs easily because they already have reservations in the job. Thus, the disadvantaged groups in the country get advantages compared to general people.
In UK, positive discriminations is known as positive actions that ensure allocated advantages for minorities in the country (Jarrett, 2011). For example, during the recruitment in UK government jobs, the country has quota that allows the underprivileged groups to get advantages in getting jobs and this allows them to avail a job easily. For example, if there is one job and two candidate: one from minority or disadvantaged groups and another from general groups, the first candidate will get the job. In this case too, the disadvantaged groups get more advantages compared to general people.
In India, physically challenged people are treated as minorities group and they have quota systems, which facilitate easy entry to schools, in getting admission. Therefore, the disadvantaged groups or minorities in India are getting advantages and this is an example of positive discrimination.
Anderson, Terry H., 2004. The Pursuit of Fairness: A history of Affirmative Actions. Oxford University Press.
Tim Jarrett, 24th October, 2011. The Equality Act 2010 and Positive Actions. House of Commands, Library. Retrieved from http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/briefing-papers/SN06093/the-equality-act-2010-and-positive-action [Assessed on 22nd January, 2015]
A.R. Indian Reservations, The Economist, 29th June, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.economist.com/blogs/banyan/2013/06/affirmative-action [Assessed on 22nd January, 2015]
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