Writing a Hypothesis: Prove It as False or True
Students who need to provide scientific research for their classes often face the task of forming a hypothesis. It is not a big deal if you are an experienced hypothesis creator. Still, if you are writing for the first time, you need to know how to develop an excellent hypothesis idea. Welcome to our blog post, a place where you can find out more about types of hypotheses and how they are formulated.
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What a Good Hypothesis Is
A hypothesis is a statement of two variables where the independent variable shows the case and the dependent variable refutes it. Still, it is only an author’s responsibility to prove their viewpoint based on prediction and existing knowledge. A basic understanding of what role it plays in your project lets you find out how to start a hypothesis in terms of the writing process. For this purpose, let’s consider six qualities that make a meaningful hypothesis stand out from others:
- A reasonable hypothesis should be clear and focused.
- A solid hypothesis strongly relates to your research topic.
- With a good hypothesis, the author knows how they can test it.
- An author that develops a reasonable hypothesis has a clear topic solution.
- Forming a hypothesis, the author includes a more detailed explanation about both an independent and dependent variable.
- With a correct hypothesis, the author learns to manipulate its variables, breaking the ethical standards.
With a better understanding of the hypothesis, you will create an engaging hypothesis research paper and deal with any academic assignment efficiently.
Six Steps of How to Write a Hypothesis Effectively
Moving forward, it is essential to consider the logical order of developing a hypothesis. Each writing process has steps to reach the best result and convince the audience of your unique approach. Therefore, follow this short guide while writing a hypothesis for your research:
1) Ask a question
Writing a hypothesis starts with a research question that you want to answer. It should be focused, specified, and ready to be researched. An example of a hypothesis that starts with a question sounds like, “Why does drinking sugary drinks daily cause obesity?”
2) Prepare for research
An initial answer to the question should be based on what the author already knows about the topic. At this stage, it is essential to look for theories and previous studies to help an author form an educated assumption. For example, you’ve found sugary drinks contain components that increase a person’s appetite. They are high solid and liquid forms of fruit that affect hunger levels. These disadvantages of sugary drink consumption lead to more food intake per day connected deeply with obesity.
3) Formulate your hypothesis
After researching, write down your answer to the question in a clear and concise sentence. An example of a hypothesis that reflects this stage could be, “Daily sugary drink intake leads to high obesity risks.”
4) Refine your hypothesis
In this step, an author needs to make sure the hypothesis is specific and testable. As it was said earlier, each hypothesis has two different variables: the predicted outcome of analysis or experiment and the particular group being studied. Passing this stage of writing a hypothesis, an author should consider the target audience. It is good to pay attention to age, gender, and interest in healthy lifestyle and nutrition. In our example of a hypothesis on sugary drinks, let’s set a group of people who are over 50 years old.
5) Rephrase your hypothesis in three ways
At first, you can use the “if-then” form, which you can apply to our example of hypothesis, “If people over 50 intake sugary drinks daily, then they will be in a group with a high risk of obesity.” The first part of the sentence states the independent variable, which is the cause. The second part of it is the effect.
The second way is to rephrase the hypothesis in terms of a correlation effect. For instance, “Daily drinking of liquid with high sugar level by people over 50 will result in an increased obesity risk.” And the last way of phrasing a hypothesis is by comparing two groups: “People over 50 who intake sugary drinks daily have higher risks of facing obesity than those who don’t.”
6) Write a null hypothesis
If your research involves testing statistical hypotheses, you also need to write a null hypothesis. It assumes there is no effect between the variables. In this case, our example of hypothesis sounds like, “Daily intake of sugary drinks in people over 50 will not affect the risks of the obesity issue.”
Indeed, you can train your writing skills on various examples of hypotheses. However, this one about sugary drinks’ harm is just an inspirational source to build your own attractive belief. Pass these six steps to complete the idea for your research.
Examples of Hypothesis to Compare
For a better understanding of how to develop a reasonable hypothesis, a student should see reliable examples. Here you can find successful ideas, as well as ones that we don’t recommend repeating:
- If plants are put in a low-temperature area, their leaves’ color would change.
- Smoking cigarettes daily leads to lung cancer and blood diseases.
- With the lower level of oxygen in the water, rainbow trout suffer more lice.
- Larger animals expend more energy than smaller animals of the same species. To fill their bodies with needed energy, the larger animals have to eat more food.
- Getting eight hours of sleep leads to students being more alert.
These examples of hypotheses work well because they are written as a testable statement and establish relevant variables. Meanwhile, let’s look at more minor successive examples that students should avoid in their papers.
- Our universe is surrounded by other universes with which people can’t find contact.
- Pepsi is better than Coca-Cola.
- I believe startups will benefit from cooperating with customers.
- I believe that God exists.
- Knowledge has a positive impact on cultural growth.
Try to omit such hypotheses because they are not testable. Also, some of them don’t have cause and effect. Remember that only those types of hypotheses deserve to be ones that a researcher can experiment with and prove.
Types of Hypothesis
One more tool that will help you understand how to start a hypothesis is hypothesis forms or types. Read these examples of hypotheses based on common types.
“Ice cream melts faster than ice.”
“Ice cream consists of such components that are likely to melt faster than ice, which contains only water.”
“Ice cream made from milk that contains more fat melts faster than ice cream based on juice or water.”
Null hypothesis (Denoted by “H0”)
“There is no significant difference melting time for ice cream and ice.”
Alternative hypothesis (Denoted by “H1”)
“Ice cream melts faster if it contains a high level of fat milk as opposed to ice cream with ice.”
“Ice cream that melts faster than an ice usually contains milk with a high percentage of fat.”
“Ice cream made from milk melts 80% faster than ice.”
Forming a hypothesis based on these examples, remember that all information here is fictional. This is only for students to see the difference in types of hypotheses.
A Hypothesis Paper Writing Service to Complete Your Project
Sometimes students who are stuck writing a hypothesis give up and don’t think their projects are meaningful. Luckily, at BuyEssay, they can find reliable information on how to write a hypothesis for their papers and impress everyone in class. In addition, you can read many valuable materials on our educational blog. Here we cover many topics, such as a research proposal sample on breast cancer where students can find how to apply a hypothesis to this current topic.
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