Law Essay:The Impact Of Foreign Law On Domestic Judgments In Argentina
Argentina legislation is based on the principles of European civil law. The judge makes a decision, regardless of the arguments of the parties on the laws relating to the case. The judge is obliged to justify his decision. This justification can be placed in the law, court decisions, or other additional sources of law, such as customs, opinions of scientists, as well as general principles of law. In Argentina, you often can see references to court decisions of other countries as an additional argument of the judge. The use of foreign law in the argentinean legal proceedings happened quite often, especially in matters of constitutional law. In the words of Jonathan Miller (1997): “…the nineteenth century experience of Argentina with the U.S. Constitution shows that not only may rules from transplanted constitutional models take root, but that such rules may enjoy extra authority because of the prestige of the foreign model.”
Processes of integration and expansion of relations between states, international issues and socio-political changes significantly affect the process of judicial decision-making. At the moment, the judicial decisions are often made on the basis of precedents in the law of another states.
The legal system often lags behind social and political change because of the slowness of legislative bodies, barriers of certain interest groups to changes, or due to the fact that the legislative process is complicated and slow. Due to the imperfection of the national legislation the judge of Argentina often relies on decisions of foreign courts. Thus foreign judgments may be taken as an argument in the domestic proceedings only if the circumstances of the case are the same.
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