Economics Paper: Steppes People and Empires

How come that steppes people overthrew so many empires?

Steppes people are the people and the societies which, because of their beliefs, did not accept having a permanent place of residence. The nomadic way of life is conditioned by livestock, hunting, and fishing, and we should mention sea nomads as well.

Only in recent times people tried to examine their past and present. They have always been seen as a rambunctious bunch of barbarians from undeveloped cultures, which does not think of anything other than the robbery, and capture. In its early stages, the steppes people were oriented on one thing – subjugation.

Everyday life of Steppes people was hindered by many difficulties – underdeveloped agriculture, poverty, nomadic way of life and severe geographic and climatic conditions – that is why the establishment of their culture was different from the rest of the world.  Steppes people have been characterized as combative and ruthless warriors who slept, ate and spent the whole day on horseback.

Modern armies with technologies for mass murders are hard to come near the record of some nomadic peoples, such as Genghis Khan, who, it is estimated, killed about eighteen million people in China alone. His whole life as the leader of the Mongol tribes passed in conquers. Steppes people’s conquest was cruel but very effective (Theodore, 2016).

Any resistance was punished by killing absolutely all the inhabitants, looting and burning crops. They were especially cruel to women who were raped all. News of their brutality has spread so that no one dared to oppose them. As occupiers, they weren’t demanding. The only thing they were looking for is the recognition of the Empire and regular payment of taxes.

Behind them were hiding strong economic and political objectives that were supposed to establish and ensure the stability of the state and of government from external influences and machinations and create existential resources that poor steppes people didn’t have, neither the country in which they currently lived could provide food in sufficient quantity.

For steppes people was highlighted the “smart war” because of their small size and the daily armed conflicts. They owned steel willpower. Their cruelty is probably not worse than any other in that time. There wasn’t any impact of other advanced cultures on the life of steppes people. The power of steppes people and their ability to learn from life experience was the way for their knowledge to constantly increase with every of their conquests.

Tactics and incredible maneuverability made the Mongol horsemen far the most powerful military in the history of mankind (“Nomadic Empire”, 2016). Data were collected on opponents most from the traders who were under the protection of a large Khan. As a military leader and ruler, he applied a smart strategy that will bring lasting results. Khan cleverly encouraged rivalry and mutual suspicion among his enemies ( Editors, 2016).

However, these tribal people quickly began to appreciate the virtues of countries and cultures that they have won, and the robbery and murder gradually gave way to the introduction of administration and organized exploitation. Many of the Eastern Mongols embraced Buddhism, and those from the West have fallen under the influence of Islam. These uncivilized steppes people began, therefore, to realize the benefits of living in urban areas. Genghis Khan left an empire that was greater than anything the world has ever seen, and his sons continued this path – they took their armies to Korea, Russia, India, Iraq, and Hungary. They even dared to go up to Silesia in Germany as well (“Genghis Khan”, 2016).


  1. Quora, How come that steppes people overthrew so many empires?, Steve Theodore, 2016, retrieved on 6 June 2016. from!n=12
  2. Wikipedia, Genghis Khan, retrieved on 5 June 2016. from Wikipedia, Nomadic Empire, retrieved on 5 June 2016. from
  3. Wikipedia, Nomadic Empire, retrieved on 5 June 2016. from
    Bio. Genghis Khan Biography, retrieved on 6 June 2016. from

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